Medieval sword discovered in a Polish peat bog

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Photo: PAP/ Wojciech Pacewicz 05.06.2017

Completely preserved medieval sword from the 14th century has been discovered at a peat bog near Hrubieszów. The finder donated the artefact to the local Fr. Stanisław Staszic Museum. “This is a unique find in the region” – said Bartłomiej Bartecki, director of the museum.

The sword was discovered last week in the Commune of Mircze, a dozen kilometers south of Hrubieszów. The founder donated the artefact to the Museum in Hrubieszów. The weapon is corroded, but preserved almost entirely. Only the hilt has not survived to our time.

“The place where the discovery was made is a wetland and a peat bog. It is possible that an unlucky knight was pulled into the marsh, or simply lost his sword” – told PAP Bartłomiej Bartecki, director of Fr. Stanisław Staszic Museum in Hrubieszów.

“This is a unique find in the region. It is worth pointing out that while there are similar artefacts in museum collections, their places of discovery is often unknown, and that is very important information for historians and archaeologists”

This two handed sword was a typical weapon in the 14th century. “It is very light – it originally weighed about 1.5 kg. Today it measures about 120 cm” – added Bartecki. In his opinion the sword was very well made; it is well balanced, perfect for fencing.

On the rear bar of the weapon there is a clear sign of an isosceles cross inscribed in the shape of an heraldic shield, probably made by the blacksmith. Bartecki explained that it was a kind of a maker’s brand. This symbol was normally not visible, because the bar was covered by a hilt made of wood, bone or antler.

Read the full story on Science in Poland

900 year-old jewelry found in Crusader castle

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Photo Credit:Vered Bosidan, Israel Antiquities Authority

Lost an earring in the kitchen? Don’t get upset. Wait 900 years or so and somebody’s sure to find it.

That’s what’s happening in Israel, where 2,500 schoolkids have been participating, one class at a time, in the excavation of a Crusader fortress on Tittora Hill, 20 miles northwest of Jerusalem in the town of Modi’in-Maccabim-Re’ut.

The fourth- to 12th-graders have uncovered some amazing artifacts — rings, bracelets, earrings and hairpins — among the ancient clay ovens, cooking pots, jars, serving dishes and a table in the medieval fortress’ kitchen. They also found the remains of food, including olive pits, charred grape pips and animal bones.

“The students and volunteers from Modi’in have exposed the inner courtyard of the Crusader fortress,” said Avraham Tendler, excavation director for the Israel Antiquities Authority. “Here, the fortress’ occupants cooked and baked for hundreds of years during the Middle Ages, some 900 years ago.

“It seems that the cooks of the time were not sufficiently careful with the jewelry they wore while cooking and baking, since numerous pieces of jewelry have been found in the excavation, some made of bronze and silver.”

Read the full story on FoxNews.com

Auckland Castle excavation unearths ‘unexpected’ secrets

Auckland_CastleArchaeologists working at a 900-year-old castle have found “rare and unexpected” artefacts.

An ornate Roman coin, medieval silver pennies, a copper figurine, a thimble, window glass and a key were unearthed.

Foundations were also discovered, showing the original structure of Auckland Castle in County Durham was “significantly larger” than thought.

Curatorial director Dr Christopher Ferguson said he was “really excited to have uncovered such a major finding”.

It suggests the castle was not created as a manor house for the Prince Bishops of Durham, as previously thought, but that it had always been a large castle complex.

Read the full story on BBC News

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