Category Archives: Archaeology

Preserving Butter Medieval Style

Bog_of_Allen_-_Croghan_Hill

Like most people these days, we have a refrigerator to keep food fresh, and it runs on electricity — and here in Ireland, we get that from burning peat, or “turf.” A short walk from our house in the Bog of Allen, the land has been strip-mined to remove, press and dry the turf, in…

1,000-year-old ‘lost’ medieval village found under M74 motorway

cadzow

The lost medieval village of Cadzow may have been finally located after artefacts more than 1,000 years old were unearthed during upgrading work on the M74. The discoveries near Hamilton in South Lanarkshire include coins believed to date from the 10th or 11th century, and fragments of glazed medieval pottery and clay smoking pipes. They…

Restoration of St Buryan medieval cross uncovers 11th century tomb stone cover

St Buryan medieval cross

A project to restore a medieval cross in St Buryan has uncovered a “rare find” in the form of what is possibly an 11th century tomb stone cover. St Buryan Church PCC, Cornwall Archaeological Unit, Scott & Co. Chartered Surveyors and local builders Bolithos are undertaking works to restore the imposing stepped medieval cross in…

‘Chaucer’s Children’: New 3-D Imaging Technique Sheds Light On Diet Of Ancient Children

chaucers-children-teeth

A team of scientists at the University of Kent have used 3-D microscopic imaging to create a new method of examining the teeth of ancient children who lived between the 11th and 15th centuries. Current alternative methods pose the risk of damaging the teeth, whereas the new 3-D imaging technique, called dental microwear texture analysis,…

Archaeologists Find Medieval Foot Fungus In Portuguese Cemetery

medieval foot fungus

In an unassuming cemetery in Estremoz, southern Portugal, archaeologists found over 100 burials dating to the 13th to 15th centuries AD. One middle-aged man, however, had a hole in his head and clear evidence of disease in his left foot. Their diagnosis? A foot fungus that has never been seen in Medieval Europe before. The…

DNA From Medieval Skeletons Reveals Earliest Muslims In France

Nimes Burial

Archaeologists have long known about Arab-Muslim expansion throughout the Mediterranean region in the Middle Ages. Reaching the Iberian Peninsula in 711 AD, Arab armies and Muslim troops spread into France, Spain, and Portugal. But while written records document this expansion, archaeological and burial evidence of early Muslims past the Pyrenees is basically non-existent. In a…

Activists hoping to raise funds to restore famous medieval priory in Kerry

KilcolmanAbbey

Plans are afoot in mid-Kerry to restore what was once one of the richest priories in Ireland. Historians and foreign tourists mostly comprise the annual visitors to the Augustinian Abbey at Killagha near Milltown, completed in Anglo-Norman times. However, locals are determined to make it a major attraction again. Founded in 1215-1216 by Strongbow’s nephew…

Accidental coin find yields medieval money clues

medieval germany money

More than 200 coins from the early 1300s have been discovered by chance in a forest near Zurich. They provide more clues as to how money networks around Switzerland worked during the Middle Ages. An employee of canton Zurich’s archaeological department stumbled upon a pile of coins in a forest while investigating an interesting topographical…

CSI Medieval: researchers to uncover forensic secrets of Britain’s historic wax seals

Medieval Wax Seal

Historical research using forensic fingerprinting techniques on the wax seals of thousands of medieval documents will reveal new insights into 12th to 14th century British society, help determine how unique fingerprints truly are, and uncover medieval crime. Modern forensic analysis will be paired with detailed historical research to reveal new insights into medieval British society…

Five missing medieval kings and queens – and where we might find them

Henry I

As a second carpark becomes the suspected burial site of a medieval English monarch, we wonder: who else is still under the tarmac? As 2016 begins, the recent public interest in hunting for royal burials shows no sign of abating. Hardly has the dust begun to settle on Richard III’s expensive new tomb in Leicester…

Medieval Wild Man relic discovered by treasure hunters

English metal detectorists have found a Medieval spoon handle depicting a figure of the Wild Man, a hairy, club-wielding legend who existed on the edges of civilization from ancient times. Stories about the Wild Man differ, some say he was a prophet, or that he went mad with grief over the loss of his beloved,…

Medieval ‘witch’ skeleton found under stones designed to ‘stop her spirit rising’

medieval witch

The grave of a medieval ‘witch’ who appears to have been burnt alive before being hurriedly tossed into a pit has been unearthed in Italy. The teenager’s remains were covered with heavy stone slabs, which archaeologists believe were put in place to prevent her spirit rising. Experts claim the girl, who is said to have…

Backyard Bonanza: Medieval Outhouses and Roman Roads Unearthed

medieval_outhouse

Backyards haven’t changed much over the past 1,000 years or so, new archaeological findings suggest. Rubbish pits, storage areas, outhouses, wells and short walls to keep the neighbors at bay are a few of the things that archaeologists in England recently unearthed while digging beneath an old bus depot in the city of Leicester. Dating…

Medieval castle discovered beneath HM Prison Gloucester to rival Tower of London

gloucester castle

The remains of a huge medieval castle that may have rivaled the Tower of London has been discovered under the basketball court of an abandoned prison. Archaeologists unearthed the enormous ‘tower keep’, which is thought to date back to 1110, while they were investigating the site in Gloucester ahead of a redevelopment project. The castle,…

Anglo Saxon gold from a Leeds field goes on display

West-Yorkshire-hoarde

A spectacular hoard of Anglo Saxon gold unearthed by a metal detectorist in a Leeds field will take pride of place in a new specially created digital exhibition this week. The gold will be housed in new bespoke cases and mounts, with new interpretation panels and a touchscreen display that will allow visitors to examine…